Author Archives: Chao Wu

About Chao Wu

Maryland State Delegate, D9 ( Howard and Montgomery Counties)

V3: 2022 HCPSS redistricting work session 3 recap

Discussion 9th grader only HS 13

New Motion

  1. Move to create a modification to the Contiguous HS 13 Plan with the western limit of Interstate 95. For the Polygons reassigned from Reservoir HS to Hammond HS in the Contiguous HS 13 Plan, reassign all or a portion of them to HS 13, when feasible. For the Polygons reassigned from Atholton HS to Hammond HS in the Contiguous HS 13 Plan, replace them by Polygon 2010.  
  2. Move to request information in regards for moving 26, 27, 1026, 1027 from Thomas Viaduct MS to Patuxent Valley MS, information on capacity utilization, capacity utilization projections, walk zone and middle from elementary feeds.
  3. Move to request information from staff on the community generated redistricting plan, version 2.
  4. Move to gather more information about keeping Mayfield Woods MS as a full feed at Long Reach HS moving Rockburn area of Elkridge to Howard HS and moving 175 to 100 along Route 1 to Oakland Mills HS with the baseline plan being the community generated plan, version 2.

The following is the Community Generated Redistricting Plan, Version 2.

The following is recap from work session 2 for reference.

Turf Valley ES on the move

Last Thursday night, HCPSS board moved Turf Valley ES into 2024 capital budget. We hope it will reduce overcrowding in many neighboring schools, St. John’s ES, Manner Woods, Centennial Lane, Waverly ES, West Friendship ES, probably Dayton Oaks ES too.

I am glad that I have been pushing and supporting to get the Turf Valley ES site since I am on the board and now we are able to put it in the capital budget. I appreciate the support from our county executive and county council. We worked together to get this done. This kind collaboration is needed to address many challenges we are facing in Howard County and the whole state Maryland.

HS 14 should be another big push. We should build schools where students come from and create a school neighborhood and belongings.

We need to plan and manage our growth, and manage APFO better to serve our students, parents and residents. Overcrowded schools are not good for our teachers either.

The following is a picture taken in July 2021, when I spoke at the announcement of Turf Valley ES site acquisition.

2022-9-22 BOE board meeting recap

SMOB report

Superintendent report

  • appointment: Judith Jones, Director of Diversity, Equity and Inclusion; Jennifer Hlavka, Coordinator of National Board Certification and Teacher Career Pathways, Dee Lake, Coordinator of Assessment.
  • update on the e-ticket GoVan system.
  • filled 99% certified positions.
  • working on improving hiring process.

HECA presentation

CAC report

Administrative Agenda:

  • Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) Completion Plan
  • OBRC
  • Naming of High School #13 Charter
  • Policy 8020- Grading and Reporting: Middle & High School
    • “Beginning with students who were in grade 9 in school year 2021 – 2022, to be promoted to grade 12, students must have at least fourteen credits including two English credits and two mathematics credits, have successfully passed Health I and Lifetime Fitness, and have three years of high school attendance.”

*Superintendent’s Proposed FY 2024 Capital Budget & FY 2025-2029 Capital Improvement Program

V1: 2022 HCPSS redistricting work session I recap

The board had the following directions:

Move the Board table the Motion until the Board has the answers to questions asked in this hearing regarding the topic of rising juniors.

Motion by Antonia Watts, second by Jolene Mosley.

Final Resolution: Motion Fails

Yea: Jennifer Mallo, Jolene Mosley, Antonia Watts

Nay: Christina Delmont-Small, Yun Lu, Chao Wu, Vicky Cutroneo

Move the Board to exempt all rising 11th graders with opt-in transportation.

Motion by Yun Lu, second by Chao Wu.

Final Resolution: Motion Carries

Yea: Christina Delmont-Small, Yun Lu, Chao Wu, Vicky Cutroneo

Abstain: Jennifer Mallo, Jolene Mosley, Antonia Watts

Move the Board to move only rising 9th and 10th graders to High School #13.

Motion by Chao Wu, second by Yun Lu.

Final Resolution: Motion Carries

Yea: Christina Delmont-Small, Yun Lu, Jennifer Mallo, Jolene Mosley, Chao Wu, Vicky Cutroneo

Nay: Antonia Watts

Move that the Board receive data about Figure B8 in the feasibility study with elimination of small feeds in the outlying table and maintain walkers at their current schools

Motion by Antonia Watts, second by Vicky Cutroneo.

Final Resolution: Motion Carries

Yea: Christina Delmont-Small, Jennifer Mallo, Jolene Mosley, Antonia Watts, Chao Wu, Vicky Cutroneo

Nay: Yun Lu

Move to create a modification to the Superintendent’s proposed plan that creates a contiguous boundary with HS #13 with the northern limit of Route 100.

Motion by Chao Wu, second by Yun Lu.

Final Resolution: Motion Carries

Yea: Christina Delmont-Small, Yun Lu, Jennifer Mallo, Jolene Mosley, Antonia Watts, Chao Wu, Vicky Cutroneo

HCPSS Long-Term Facilities Maintenance and Mitigating Development Impact

HCPSS legislative platform discussion

Long-Term Facilities Maintenance

Safe, healthy schools are a top priority of the Board, as well as the need for sufficient funds to address deferred maintenance and unforeseen operational circumstances. Aging infrastructure creates significant demands for facilities maintenance funding, with current deferred maintenance projects totaling nearly half a billion dollars for the HCPSS. The availability of recent funds has been insufficient to address the backlog of projects as it has allowed for the funding of only a few projects every year, with new deferred maintenance projects taking their place. 

The Board has encouraged the Howard County Delegation, along with local elected officials, to explore financing options dedicated to the purpose of funding long-term facilities maintenance for several years. This includes legislative initiatives similar to Ho.Co. 19-20, Ho.Co. 11-21, and Ho.Co. 8-22 to authorize a commercial building excise tax the County could use for maintenance needs identified by the Board of Education, none of which have been acted upon by the Delegation. 

The Board continues to advocate for the introduction of this local bill, as well as statewide legislative efforts brought forth by Delegation members under HB0068/SB0040 Interagency Commission on School Construction – Systemic Renovation Projects – Eligibility, which the Board supported in 2022 to clarify that the Interagency Commission on School Construction (IAC) shall consider systemic renovation projects eligible for Supplemental Public School Construction Finance and Facilities Funds under the Built to Learn Act, regardless of costs.

Mitigating Development Impact

To highlight how quick our school system is growing, in 2019, Howard County had more new students than Montgomery County, even their student population was three times of the student population of Howard County.

In planning for capital needs, the HCPSS Capital Budget sets an expectation with the projects listed that attempt to capitalize on available funding. There is limited opportunity within the current framework and available funds however, to insert new projects based on new developments. While the 2022 HCPSS Feasibility Study indicates the annual rate of enrollment growth is expected to diminish compared to prior projections, due to years of underfunded capital and deferred maintenance budgets, HCPSS capacity has not kept pace with the historically steady growth in student populations in Howard County. In order to maintain an expected high-level of educational services from the school system, more needs to be done to mitigate the impact of past and future development on school capacity. 

The Adequate Public Facilities Ordinance (APFO) is intended to allow public facilities sufficient time and financing to have commensurate capital infrastructure growth to meet population needs. Legislation seeking to extend current wait times for developments failing the schools test under APFO has repeatedly failed at the County level. While additional wait time gives breadth for incoming developments, they eventually move forward, leaving the need to fund additional capacity.

 In 2019 and 2020, legislation increased funding for capital projects of the school system through the school facility surcharge and the County’s transfer tax rate, of which 25 percent of any increase would be distributed to HCPSS. Beyond these efforts, a more robust, dedicated funding stream could ensure increases from the County are equivalent to the existing and anticipated seat needs of the school system. 

Other counties in Maryland have made changes to local development ordinances that are worth exploring further. For example, extra fee is mandatory and is based on a system that sets a fee dependent on the anticipated number of students the development will provide and 18 4 anticipated overutilization. Options for a developer to present mitigation strategies that are approved by the local board of education or county governing body have also been utilized.

 The Board is seeking Howard County Delegation authorization if needed and Howard County Council support for financing options dedicated to the purpose of mitigating development impacts on school system capacity. This could include further study of the use of required fee or fee-in-lieu options to produce supplemental capital funding for expected capacity increases. In cases where capacity is beyond a predetermined threshold that will require new construction, a requirement for land acquisition may also be warranted.  

Every ten years, Howard County updates its General Plan to guide land use decisions, with the next version expected in late spring 2023. Following the Plan’s adoption, Sec. 16.1100 (b)(3)(iv) of the Howard County Code requires an Adequate Public Facilities Act Review Committee to be convened within one year to submit a report with recommendations on the Adequate Public Facilities Act to the County Executive and the County Council. The Committee includes representation of the school system and Board, and could likely revisit the mechanisms of APFO to meet both County and HCPSS needs based on changes in development trends.

We need to hold local jurisdictions accountable on the development side and provide sufficient support for the county public school system.

2022-09-08 BOE board meeting recap

SMOB report

Superintendent Report

  • Promotion: Brian Wallace, David Klotz, Allison McCoy, Emma Bullock
  • Updating Sporting Event Security Protocols
  • Updating Electronic Ticketing
  • School Meals Program & Salad Bars
  • Bright Minds Foundation Staff & Teacher Grants



Administrative Agenda

  1. Proclamation: National Hispanic Heritage Month
  2. Board of Education Legislative Program
  3. Virtual Instructional Day Plan 
    1. Synchronous instruction on each virtual day will be a minimum of four hours
    2. No more than a total of eight virtual days of which three may be asynchronous can be used
    3. Attendance will be taken for all students and teachers during the virtual day
    4. Virtual days will not negatively impact a student’s grade; meaningful opportunities are provided for students to make up work outside of virtual learning
    5. No employee’s pay will be negatively impacted due to a virtual day decision
  4. Reading Opens Doors, Inc. Charter School Application Evaluation


Policy 10020 Use of Schools Facilities

*Superintendent’s Proposed FY 2024 Capital Budget & FY 2025-2029 Capital Improvement Program

Clarksville Youth Care Group (Arthur Wang, Amanda Wang and Wendy Gu) with HCPSS superintendent Dr. Martirano and myself after they delivered self-care kits to the central office.

2022-2023 superintendent redistricting proposal

Here is the superintendent’s proposal for 2022-2023 HCPSS redistricting in order to open the new High School 13 in the fall 2023. It will impact Oakland Mills Middle and High Schools, Hammond HS, Howard HS and Long Reach HS, Mt. Hebron HS and Reservoir HS.

Here is a link to find your polygon number.

Board meeting recap 2020-8-16

Superintendent report

  • First day of school for students, Monday August 29, 2022
  • Staff introduction: Jonathan Davis, Laurel Porter, Gillian Spivey, Kelly Grenzer, Meghan Liwosz, Eugene Rose,
  • New Educator Orientation (530 teachers and staff)
  • Staff shortage: 93 bus driver shortage, double route is still needed.
  • 71 certificated vacancy ( 22 classroom teacher, 26 special education teachers, 23 related service providers)
  • around 100 non-certificate vacancy
  • covid protocol update.
    • There is no longer delineation in protocols for those who are fully vaccinated and those who are not fully vaccinated. All protocols apply to all individuals.•
    • Students and staff must isolate for a minimum of five days if they test positive for COVID.• They may return on day 6 if they are fever free, have experienced an improvement in symptoms, and are able to wear a mask properly until day 10. If they test negative on or after day 5, with 2 negative rapid antigen tests 48 hours apart, they may remove their mask prior to the end of the 10-day period.•
    • Regardless of vaccination status, close contacts who are asymptomatic do not need to quarantine, but it is recommended that they mask for 10 days after exposure. It is also recommended that they get tested around day 5–especially if symptoms appear.
    • Face masks in our buildings and on school buses are voluntary.
  • safety and security, FARMS program, School supplies and Closing

School Start Times – Transportation Organization Change Report 


  • Policy 8020: Grading & Reporting, Middle and High Schools
  • Policy 9400: Student Behavior Intervention
  • Policy 9010: Attendance
  • Policy 8101: Grading and Reporting, Pre-K and Elementary Schools
  • Charters:
  • Policy 1060 Bullying, Cyberbullying, Harassment, and Intimidation Charter
  • Policy 7070 Appointments to Administrative and Supervisory Certificated Positions Charter
  • Policy 7080 Transfer of School-Based Administrative Personnel Charter 
  • Policy 8030 Graduation Requirements Charter
  • Policy 8040 Selection of Instructional Materials Charter

FY 2024 Capital Budget and FY 2025-2029 Capital Improvement Program 

Won the 2022 Delegate primary election

I am pleased to announce that I will be advancing to the Nov. 8th general election for Maryland State Delegate District 9A. I am grateful for your votes and humbled by your trust in me.

I truly appreciate our friendly competition in the primary election, Steve Bolen and Natalie Ziegler. Steven Bolen Natalie ZieglerCongratulations, Natalie Ziegler, Trent Kittleman, and Dr. Jianning Zeng. District 9A voters, I am asking for your vote in the general election. A vote for WU is a vote for YOU!

Board Meeting Recap 2022-7-14

ADMINISTRATION OF OATH – Student Member of the Board (Wayne A. Robey, Clerk of Court)

Congratulations on our new SMOB: Abisola Ayoola.

Public Forum:

Dress code for girls

SMOB report

Superintendent Report

  • Summer meals are available at no cost to all students and anyone aged 18 and under through August 12.
  • HCPSS has 800 vacancies, of them 4000 are new positions for the new fiscal year.
  • Out of our total number of current vacancies, 425 of them are teacher vacancies. To date, we have identified a candidate for 225 of those and are in the process of hiring candidates for them.
  • Since June 1st,120 teachers have resigned,50 teachers have retired,and25 teachers have taken a leave of absence for next school year.
  • HCPSS will be hosting a series of job and hiring fairs from 10 a.m.-3 p.m., on Saturday, July 30th, August 13th and August 27th, at Wilde Lake Middle School.
  • HS 13 boundary feedback deadline was extended the deadline to July 22.
  • The first day of the new school year for students is Monday, August 29.

Bright Minds Foundation Major Activities Annual Report


  1. Policy 10010 Distribution and Display of Materials and Announcements
  2. Policy 5220 School Bus Contracts and School Bus Personnel Charter
  3. Policy 8000 Curriculum Charter 
  4. Policy 9030 School-Sponsored Publications and Productions Charter

School Start Time – SY 23/24 Provisional School by School Bell Time Report

Public Testimony on Policy 8020

HCPSS proposed to remove mid-term and finals. The board is now hearing public testimony on this change.

Preliminary Later School Start Time Proposal for 2023-2024

On February 10, 2022, the Board of Education approved the decision to begin immediately planning the Later Start School Time (primarily for high schools) implementation for the 2023/2024 school year. This is the first report that directly addresses the objective of the School Start and End Time planning for the 2023/2024 school year. The report is of a preliminary nature and will need to be finalized in the future as the iterative process continues.

2022 Endorsement for Dr. Chao Wu

2022 Endorsement for Dr. Chao Wu for Maryland State Delegate

Here comes the endorsement for Dr. Chao Wu for Maryland State Delegate, District 9A. Although I have been endorsed by various organizations or persons, I believe it is not a specific organization that can speak for you.  It is you, our voters, by making some effort to understand the candidate’s background, experience, and vision for Maryland. Then you cast an informed vote. Your vote is my endorsement. 

My service on the Howard County Board of Education (2018-2022), one year as chair and more than 500 articles on various topics on this website will help you understand me better.

I am a data scientist, a proud father of two, an immigrant, and a community volunteer. I currently serve on the Howard County Board of Education (BOE) (Term 2018-2022). 

I will be your voice and you are my strength.

A Vote for Dr. Wu is a Vote for you. 


2022 Maryland Education Survey Result

Maryland State Board of Education (MSBOE) and the Maryland State Department of Education (MSDE) in February 2022 to provide input for the development of a multi-year strategic plan for Maryland’s education system.  To date, 22,950 Marylanders have responded to the survey which will remain open for the foreseeable future.  The preliminary results included in the attached document identify the five top priorities Marylanders have identified in their responses thus far, including:

  1.  Improving reading and writing in the early grades.
  2.  Improving social, emotional, and mental health supports.
  3.  Improving math and science skills.
  4.  Developing more excellent teachers.
  5.  Improving critical thinking, problem solving, and collaborative teamwork skills.

It is very interesting to see the divergence among different school system. The whole survey result is attached here:

Board Meeting Recap 2022-6-23

Proclamation: Student Member of the Board of Education (BOE) Peter Banyas

Signing contract with American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees (AFSCME)

Program Evaluation of Ukeru Systems 

School Start Times: Transportation Service Model and Technology Improvements

Transportation Service Model and Technology Recommendations for Change

Key decision: HCPSS is preparing for the HCPSS to operate a portion of the transportation system beginning July 1, 2023. This is something new.

Operating Budget Review Committee (OBRC) Final Report

Instructional Use of Technology

Hands-on Online Voter Registration/Change

Note: if you register as Independent/Unaffiliated, you could only vote in the BOE race. If you want to influence Democrat or Republican parties, you need to register in that party to vote in their primaries. In majority of races, primary election will determine the general election result. If you want to support me (a moderate democrat), please register as Democrat. You could always change your party affiliation any time in the future.

If you have not registered to vote, please register. If you may travel during the summer, please request a mail-in ballot. The whole registration or requesting process takes less than a minute.

Voter Status Search


Online Voter Registration or Change ( You need have Maryland Driver License)

  2. Change your party during the process
  3. Ask for mail-in ballot (one time or forever)

Request a mail-in (absentee ballot) (You need Maryland Driver License)

  2. The same link as above
  3. Ask for mail-in ballot (one time or forever)

Board Meeting Recap 2022-6-9

Public Forum

LGBTQA+ concerns

Administrative Appointments and Promotions

Administrative Transfers 

Student Member Report

school visit at HS 13, Hammond High and Talbott Springs ES

Superintendent Report

2020 Awardees

  1. Our Principal of the Year and a Washington Post Principal of the Year nominee, Nancy Thompson from Talbott Springs Elementary School
  2. Our Teacher of the Year and Maryland State Department of Education candidate, Jerome Pickens from Bryant Woods Elementary School
  3. And, our Teacher of the Year and a Washington Post Teacher of the Year nominee, Suzi Young from Homewood School

2021 Awardees

  1. o Our Principal of the Year and Washington Post Principal of the Year nominee, Denise Lancaster from Deep Run Elementary School
  2. o Our Teacher of the Year and Maryland State Department of Education candidate, Amy Woolf from Oakland Mills Middle School
  3. o And, our Teacher of the Year and a Washington Post Teacher of the Year nominee, Niklas Berry from Oakland Mills High School

2022 awardees

  1. Our Principal of the Year and a Washington Post Principal of the Year nominee, Jeffrey Fink from Oakland Mills High School
  2. o Our Teacher of the Year and Maryland State Department of Education candidate, Jorden Lim from Long Reach High School
  3. o And, our Teacher of the Year and a Washington Post Teacher of the Year nominee, Jessica Palad from Pointers Run Elementary School

MCTM’s Outstanding Educator Awardees

  1. In the Beginning Mathematics Teacher Category, Joshua Ernst from Mount Hebron High School.
  2. o In the Middle School Mathematics Teacher Category, Jenna Largent from Homewood Center.
  3. o In the High School Mathematics Teacher Category, Kevin Flynn from Marriotts Ridge High School.
  4. o And in the Mathematics Teacher Leader Category – Jennifer Mullinix, a Mathematics Instructional Support Teacher at Hammond High School and Long Reach High School

School Start Time Change Implementation Project Status Update


  1. Policy 4060 Medicaid Reimbursement for Health-Related Services (approved)
  2. Policy 6060 Community Improvement to School Sites or School Facilities (approved)
  3. Policy 4050 Procurement of Goods and/or Services (approved)
  4. Policy 8020 Grading & Reporting: Middle & High School  (presented)
    1. The revision recommends removing midterm and finals from most courses.

2022 Feasibility Study

2022 HCPSS Feasibility Study

2022 HCPSS Feasibility Study is available now. This is to help the board to define the boundary of High School 13 (at Jessup, along the mission road), which will be opened in Fall 2023. There are four redistricting scenarios discussed in the study.

Here is how to find your polygon number:

Scenario A

Scenario B

Scenario C

Scenario D

Just as I said during the last redistricting in 2019, we should define the core area for High School 13 at that time to reduce unnecessary moves this year. Unfornatuely the majority of the board did not listen to me and we are facing a large reshuffling again. It will be a huge challenge for students, and families. At the same time, let’s get excited for a new high school opening. The last new high school is Marriotts Ridge High School, which opened in 2005, 17 years ago.

The whole document is attached here.